Health Education

What Is Traumatic Brain Injury?

There has been a lot of news circulating in the last few years about the long-term effects of repetitive head trauma has on the brain. Football, in particular, has garnered much of the spotlight on this topic. Former football players are exhibiting signs and symptoms of things like dementia at young ages. Scientists speculate that this degradation of the brain is caused by concussions and head trauma over the years of playing the sport.

What is traumatic brain injury exactly and what are the effects it has on the body? As scientists continue digging into the mysteries of the brain, trauma plays a significant role.

Two Kinds of Traumatic Brain Injuries

When you think of head trauma, you probably think of a fall or accident resulting in a concussion. Whether there is blood or not, the skull has suffered a blow that may cause the brain to rattle and even a crack to form in the bone. In neuroscience curriculum development circles, two types of head injuries have been identified.

A closed-brain injury occurs when the brain is subject to rapid movement, like the quick snap that happens during an accident. No cracks or penetration of the skull is involved. This is the most typical kind of traumatic brain injury reported.

A penetrating brain injury is one that includes a blow to the head that results in a breach of the skull. The brain itself may be penetrated by an object.

The Aftermath of a Brain Injury

Brain injuries can yield varying degrees of function decrease such as:

  • coma
  • paralysis
  • cognitive problems
  • decreased motor skills
  • loss or change in senses
  • death

The severity of the trauma dictates the type of injury that results. Advances in neuroscience curriculum development has helped doctors figure out better courses of treatment for different trauma to give people a chance to recover.

Suffering a head injury can put you on a path to long-term problems. However, recent advancements in brain understanding and treatments are helping doctors treat the effects of brain trauma and perhaps find ways to prevent it from occurring.